COLREG 1972 PDF

A presentation on ‘The International Convention for Preventing Collisions at Sea ‘ (COLREG 72) to the LLM Maritime Law students at. (c) Nothing in these rules shall interfere with the operation of any special rules made by the. Government of any State with respect to additional station or signal . for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREG),. Prof. Manuel Ventura. MSc in Marine Engineering and Naval Architecture. a. COLREG. 2. COLREG.

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Collision Regulations (COLREG )

One of the most important innovations in the COLREGs was the recognition given to traffic separation schemes – Rule 10 gives guidance in determining safe speed, the risk of collision and the conduct of vessels operating in or near traffic separation schemes. The first such traffic separation scheme was established in the Dover Strait in It was operated on a voluntary basis at first but in the IMO Assembly adopted a resolution stating that that observance of all traffic separation schemes be made mandatory – and cilreg COLREGs make this obligation clear.

There are also four Annexes containing technical requirements concerning lights and shapes and their positioning; sound signalling appliances; additional signals for fishing vessels when operating in close proximity, and international distress signals. Part A – General Rules Rule 1 states that the rules apply to all vessels upon the high seas and all waters connected to the high seas and navigable by xolreg vessels.

Rule 5 requires that “every vessel shall at all times maintain a proper look-out by sight and hearing as well as by all available means appropriate in the prevailing circumstances and conditions so as to make a full appraisal of the situation and of the risk of collision.

Rule 6 deals with safe speed.

International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea – Wikipedia

The Rule describes the factors which should be taken into account in determining safe speed. Several of these refer specifically to vessels equipped with radar. The importance of using “all available means” is further stressed in. Rule 7 covering risk of collision, which warns that “assumptions shall not be made on the basis of scanty information, especially scanty radar information”.

In Rule 9 a vessel proceeding along the course of a narrow channel or fairway is coleg to keep “as near to the outer limit of the channel or fairway which lies on her starboard side as is safe and practicable. The Rule also forbids ships to cross a narrow channel or fairway “if such crossing impedes the passage of a vessel which can safely navigate only within such channel or fairway.

A new paragraph f was added, stressing that a vessel which was required not to impede the passage of another vessel should take early action to allow sufficient collreg room for the safe passage of the other vessel. Such vessel was obliged to fulfil this obligation also when taking avoiding action in accordance with the steering and colerg rules when risk of collision exists. Rule 10 of the Collision Regulations deals with the behaviour of vessels in or near traffic separation schemes adopted by the Organization.

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The effectiveness of traffic separation schemes can be judged from a study made by the International Association of Institutes of Navigation IAIN in This showed that between and there were 60 collisions in the Strait of Dover; clreg years later, following the introduction of traffic separation schemes, this total was cut to only In other areas where such schemes did not exist the number of collisions rose sharply.

New traffic separation schemes are introduced regularly and existing ones are amended when necessary to respond to changed traffic conditions. To enable this to be done as quickly as possible the MSC has been authorized to adopt and amend traffic separation schemes on behalf of the Organization.

Rule 10 states that ships crossing traffic lanes are required to do so “as nearly as practicable at right angles to the general direction of traffic flow. Fishing vessels “shall not impede the passage of any vessel following a traffic lane” but are not banned from fishing. This is in line with Rule 9 which states that “a vessel engaged in fishing shall not impede the passage of any other vessel navigating within a narrow channel or fairway.

Two new paragraphs were added to Rule 10 to exempt vessels which are restricted in their ability to manoeuvre “when engaged in an operation for the safety of navigation in a traffic separation scheme” or when engaged in cable laying.

In the regulations were again amended. It was stressed that Rule 10 applies to traffic separation schemes adopted by the Organization IMO and does not relieve any vessel of her obligation under any other rule. It was also to clarify that if a vessel is obliged to cross traffic lanes it should 9172 so as nearly as practicable at right angles to the general direction of the traffic flow.

In Regulation 10 was further amended to clarify the vessels which may use the “inshore traffic zone. Section II – Conduct of vessels in sight of one another Rules Rule 13covers overtaking – the overtaking vessel should keep out of the way of the vessel being overtaken. Rule 14 deals with head-on situations. Crossing situations are covered by Rule 15 and action to be taken by the give-way vessel is laid down in Rule Rule 17 deals with the action of the stand-on 197, including the provision that the stand-on vessel may “take action to avoid collision by her manoeuvre alone as soon as it becomes apparent to her that the vessel required to keep out of the way is not taking appropriate action.

International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea

Rule 18 deals with responsibilities between vessels and includes requirements for vessels which shall keep out of the way of others. Section III – conduct of vessels in restricted visibility Rule Rule 19 states every vessel should proceed at a safe speed adapted to prevailing circumstances and restricted visibility.

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A vessel detecting by radar another vessel should determine if there is risk of collision and if so take avoiding action. A vessel hearing fog signal of another vessel should reduce speed to a minimum.

Rule 22 covers visibility of lights – indicating that lights should be visible at minimum ranges in nautical miles determined according to the type of vessel. Rule 27 covers light requirements for vessels not under command or restricted in their ability to manoeuvre.

Collision Regulations (COLREG 1972)

Rule 30 covers light requirements for vessels anchored and aground. Rule 31 covers light requirements for seaplanes. Rule 33 says vessels 12 metres or more in length should carry a whistle and a bell and vessels metres or more in length should carry in coleg a gong.

Rule 38 says ships which comply with the Collision Regulations and were built or already under construction when the Collision Regulations entered into force may be exempted from some requirements for light and sound signals for specified periods.

Part F – Verification of compliance with the provisions of the Convention. Annex IV – Distress signals, which lists the signals indicating distress and need of assistance. IMO has endeavoured to make the information on this website as accurate as possible but cannot take responsibility for any errors.

The working languages are English, French and Spanish. Some content on this site is available in all official languages. The majority is presented in the working languages. Rule 2 covers the responsibility of the master, owner and crew to comply with the rules. Rule 3 includes definitions. Rule 12 states action to be taken when two sailing vessels are approaching one another. Section III – conduct of vessels in restricted visibility Rule 19 Rule 19 states every vessel should proceed at a safe speed adapted to prevailing dolreg and restricted visibility.

Part C Lights and Shapes Rules Rule 20 states rules concerning lights apply from sunset to sunrise. Rule 21 gives definitions. Rule 23 covers lights to be carried by power-driven vessels underway. Rule 24 covers lights for vessels towing and pushing. Rule 25 covers light requirements for sailing vessels underway and vessels under oars.

Rule 26 covers light requirements for fishing vessels. Rule 28 covers light requirements for vessels constrained by their draught. Rule 29 covers light requirements for pilot vessels.

Rule 34 covers manoeuvring and warning signals, using whistle or lights. Rule 35 covers sound signals to be used in restricted visibility. Rule 36 covers signals to be used to attract attention. Rule 37 covers distress signals. Part E – Exemptions Rule 38 Rule 38 says ships which comply with the Collision Regulations and were built or already under construction when the Collision Regulations entered into force may be exempted from some requirements for light and sound signals for specified periods.

Rule 39 provides definitions.